The Essential First Aid Course, Part 1: CPR
A First Aid procedure is commonly referred to as care given to an injured person initially to lessen the chance of permanent damage and keep them as comfortable as possible until the patient is looked at by profesional medical care.
Since one or more people in your group may need medical help during a disaster, as a survivalist, it is important that you train yourself in First Aid procedures.
Learning CPR…….. cardiopulmonary resuscitation
CPR training is done to help open breathing airways as well as restarting a heart that has stopped beating (cardiac arrest), for example when a person has fallen unconscious. Providing CPR and reviving a person with breathing and/or cardiac problems can also reduce long term physical damage.
There is a step-by-step process that you need to follow to ensure that you will be able to provide CPR and preliminary care as safely as possible to an unconscious/unresponsive person. Failure to follow the basic outline for CPR can put you or the patient in danger. Ideally it is best to find a local First aid course or seminar that can properly teach qualify you for a CPR certificate. Here are the basic steps to applying CPR to an unresponsive patient. And keep in mind that failure to follow the basic outline for CPR can put you or the patient in danger.
Step 1: Assess your surroundings
As the person who is performing the resuscitation YOU need to be safe too! Don’t put yourself in a direct path of danger as such a risk will only put you at risk of getting injured yourself. If this is the case, you need to wait until professionals arrive.
Step 2: Establish Responsiveness If you feel your surroundings are safe enough proceed to examine the patient carefully, but if you think there might be a neck or spine injury Do Not move them as it could cause more damage. Try and see if they are able to communicate by asking them “how are you?”, “where do you feel pain?”, and give them time to respond as they may be in a level of shock. If you are getting no response after several minutes then they are most likely unconscious and should be treated as such.
Step 3: Make the Patient Comfortable
Now you want to do what you can to make the patient comfortable by doing a few simple things like loosening their clothes, ties, and or belt. Remove items that may be restricting their circulation like bracelets, necklaces, and their shoes. Next implement the recovery position if they don’t show signs of a spinal injury. You do this by lifting one arm lightly and turning them onto one side while resting the cheek on the ground. This will help them to breath more smoothly if they’re unable to rise.
Step 4: Is CPR Needed?
You will know if performing CPR is necessary by seeing if they are breathing and have a pulse. This is how you ascertain these 2 items:
- Is their chest rising and falling?
- Try detect air flow with the back of your fingers under the nostrils
- Gently tilt the head back, lower the jaw, and check for breathing obstructions
- Pinch the nose and breath into the mouth 2 times
- If this does not trigger a response, continue the breath into mouth every 5 to 10 seconds to see if he begins to breath on his own
- In the case of no pulse apply chest compressions to the centermost point of the ribcage.
- Press downward roughly 5 centimeters with each push in sets of 10-15 repetitions
- You may need to add more respiratory breath to mouth, but always keep watching their vital signs as you continue the process
Check Out Our Part 2 in the First Aid Series in our Post “Essential First Aid for Survivalists”
John David Keys: Founder of Survival Companion.com