Preparing Your Family for Disasters
In the past decade, the rate of catastrophic events has increased all around the world. Natural disasters now occur in ways never experienced prior to the 21st century. Earthquakes and tsunamis flood and flatten whole cities, in which thousands of unsuspecting people are torn from their homes and stable lives.
All types of disasters share the following key characteristics:
(1) they can cause mass panic and chaos in affected communities,
(2) some events can affect the availability of clean water, gas supply lines and electricity.
(3) many disasters are unpredictable and extremely difficult to control, especially if the disaster is caused by Mother Nature herself.
Each family member will need training and practice in order to be prepared in the event of the various types of disasters that may come your way. You need to be prepared whether you have a family or not but if you do …… they need to be conditioned to develop a survival mindset so they will be calm and know just what to do during an actual disaster. Someone who has a well-practiced plan is less likely to panic during an emergency, and that alone can be the difference between surviving or not.
First there are two types of survival techniques:
- Those completed before a disaster happens, in other words preparation, and
- Techniques to use during a survival scenario.
First, make sure your home, work, and car, are all stocked with sufficient amounts of the basic necessities for maintaining life. Disasters can come without any warning and you don’t know ahead where you’re going to be when one hits. The house hold essentials should include:
- Enough water to last at least 2 weeks
- Ample food supply of non-perishable items (such as canned goods and foods packed with preservatives)
- First aid supplies and some basic tools such as a knife, can opener, sewing kit and matches (preferably water resistant)
- You’ll find an extensive list of items to have on our free Ebook “How to Survive a Disaster”- we’ll send you the download when you enter your details in the signup form in the right column.
If you’re away from home in your car or at work, you need to prepare a survival Bag (also known as a bug out bag) containing:
- Canned & dried food
- Medicine & First Aid Kit
- water purifying tablets
- Basic Tools ie. pocket knife, can opener, etc.
- Emergency Supplies
Ideally you should prepare 2 Survival Bag Kits: a large, comprehensive one that is closest to your family (at home) and an emergency disaster kit that should have a permanent place in your family vehicle. The type of food stored in a disaster kit should be: nutritious, high in calories, easy to consume and can be readily stored again. It can be difficult to find a variety of food items that have these exact characteristics so just try your best to find food that will sustain your family for at least 10 days.
I’ve met some survivalists who store at least six months worth of food items in their own survival stashes. Six month’s worth of food may sound excessive but the key point here is that you’re preparing for uncertain conditions after a disaster. You never know the conditions of your community after a disaster so having plenty of stored food is a logical choice if you’re preparing for an emergency.
What to do during a disaster
Your first line of defense during a disaster is your knowledge of disaster preparedness and the emergency supplies, tools and equipment that you’ve prepared in advance. Disaster supply kits are invaluable during an actual disaster, most especially if you must evacuate your family to a safer location. You should always be aware of your surroundings. Upon entering a new place always take note of the nearest exit and the most efficient path available to it. Clearly planned evacuation procedures should be understood and practiced with all co-inhabitants at places of work and home .
Employers will usually already have exit drills in place, but at home the individual must educate oneself and family on how to exit and where to meet afterwards if separated. Why should you be vigilant about disasters? The fact of the matter is that disasters tend to strike quickly and without warning; this applies to both natural and manmade disasters. In order to be fully prepared, you should consider these events as potential dangers at any point during the year.
In our next post, Survival Bag, we’ll talk about the an essential backpack to have at the ready in case you are stuck away from your home for a few days.
Stay Strong: J D Keys- Founder of SurvivalCompanion.com